Rose Hips Description - Some Great Medicinal Uses and Benefits of Rose Hips
Common Trade Names
Multi-ingredient preparations: Rose Hips, Vitamin C with Rose Hips Common forms
Available as capsules, cream, extracts, syrup, tablets, teas, and tincture in combination with vitamin preparations.
The rose hip, or fruit of Rosa canina, is usually dried and processed before use. The plant grows widely in North America after having been naturalized from Europe and Asia. R. canina is the major source of rose hips, but other Rosaceae plants have also been used.
Rose hips contain significant vitamin C, tannins, pectins, and carotene (carotenoids).
The R. canina flower petal extract containing anthocyans was shown to have a protective effect on radiation-induced cell damage in Chinese hamster cells . The roots of R. canina showed anti-inflammatory effects in vitro. This anti-inflammatory activity was also exhibited by several plant extracts used in Turkish traditional medicine when they exerted effects on either tumor necrosis factor or interleukin-1.
Although rose hips is claimed to have a diuretic effect, this effect was not seen in rats . An infusion of R. canina may have some benefit on calcium oxalate urolithiasis.
A natural source of vitamin C rose hips has been claimed to be useful as a laxative, capillary strengthener, and boost to the immune system to prevent illness. Although vitamin C has been studied for these effects, studies on rose hips are lacking. Some herbal references claim that the leaves have been used as a poultice to heal wounds.
No consensus exists.
GU: renal dysfunction (poorly documented).
Skin: skin irritation (from topical applications).
Other: allergic reaction .
Estrogens and oral contraceptives: Increased serum levels of these drugs. Monitor for adverse effects.
Iron: May enhance absorption of oral iron products. Monitor patient.
Warfarin: May antagonize effects of warfarin. Monitor concurrent therapy.
Contraindications and Precautions
Avoid using rose hips in pregnant or breast-feeding patients; effects are unknown. Use cautiously in patients with atopy or plant allergies. Vitamin C supplements typically should be avoided in people with a history of kidney stones because high doses of vitamin C may lead to increased urinary oxalate production and an increased risk of stone formation.
Points of Interest
Despite the herb's vitamin C content, large quantities of rose hips must be ingested to obtain commonly available amounts of vitamin C in tablet form.
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