Dill Herb Desciption: Uses, Benefits & Side Effects
Common Trade Names
Atkinson & Barker's Gripe Mixture, Concentrated Dill Water BPC 1973, Neo, Neo Baby Mixture, Nurse Harvey's Gripe Mixture, Woodward's Gripe Water
Available as dill oil, distilled or concentrated dill water, and dried fruits.
All parts of the plant are used, but most products use the dried ripe fruit, seeds, or flowers of Anethum graveolens, a member of the carrot family.
Dill plants contain volatile oil (carvone, d-limonene, eugenol, and antheole), flavonoids (including kaempferol, quercetin, and isorhamnetin), coumarins, xanthone derivatives, triterpenes, phenolic acids, proteins, fixed oil, myristicin, dillapiole, paraffins, and phellandrene.
Dill is believed to have antiflatulent, antispasmodic, aromatic, lactogenic, and soporific actions.
Dill is a common ingredient in "gripe water;' used to relieve flatulence and colic in infants. It is also used in breast-feeding patients and in cattle to help promote the flow of milk . The oil has been used for its antifoaming and antiflatulent action to improve appetite and digestion. The seeds have been used to treat abdominal pain, halitosis (on chewing), and hiccups and to strengthen the nails when the hands are soaked in a decoction. No controlled human studies support these claims. One Bulgarian study concluded that dill oil has weak choleretic effects and should be used with other drugs for benefit .
Some sources suggest the following doses:
Concentrated dill water: 0.2 ml P.O. t.i.d.
Dill oil: 0.05 to 2 ml P.O. t.i.d.
Distilled dill water: 2 to 4 ml P.O. t.i.d.
Dried fruits: 1 to 4 g P.O. t.i.d.
Contraindications And Precautions
Dill weed is contraindicated in patients who require a low-salt diet because of its high sodium content. Use cautiously in patients with plant allergies because dill has allergenic components that may demonstrate cross-sensitivity in some people.
Points of Interest
Clinical data for dill are extremely limited. No trial data from the United States support its use for flatulence or colic in infants or as a stimulant for milk flow, although this appears to be the primary medicinal claim in the herbal literature. More studies are needed to determine the effects of dill in children and adults.
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