Leucoderma (Vitiligo) : Introduction, and its Causes and Symptoms
Leucoderma is also known as vitiligo. It is a skin pigmentation disorder in which skin looses melanin from some areas and tends to look white. Melanin is a skin pigment which decides the color of skin. If skin lacks melanin then it looks white. This white appearance of skin develops into white patches as the disease grows.
Causes of Leucoderma
The actual cause of this disorder is still unknown but stress, physical illness, bacterial infections and hereditary factors are considered as the main causes of leucoderma. The patches seem to be very ugly in people with dark pigmentation. This disorder does not cause any physical harm to the body. Women can acquire this disorder after prolonged use of bindis and foot wears made from plastic because of the presence of harmful chemicals. This disorder is difficult to notice in people with fair skin but it can be noticed easily in people with dark skin.
There are a number of misconceptions regarding the treatment of leucoderma. According to some people this disorder is infectious but the truth is that leucoderma is non contiguous and therefore it is not transferable from one person to another. Some people think that there is no cure for this disorder which is completely wrong. The disorder can be treated so there is a hope for leucoderma sufferers. The results are overwhelming if treatment is taken in the beginning of disorder. It takes a long time to remove patches from palms and soles. Some of the main causes of leucoderma are:
Acute or chronic gastric disorder.
Impaired hepatic function such as jaundice, worms or other parasites in the alimentary canal.
Pressure of tight clothes on body and certain occupational hazards like wearing of hand gloves.
The damage of melanocytes because of any reason.
According to Ayurveda leucoderma occurs because of improper functioning of liver that causes the deficiency of pitta.
Symptoms of Vitiligo (Leucoderma):
Loss of hair or alopecia.
The disease starts with a small white spot which turns down milky white in course of time.
Lassitude and weakness.
Gray color of hairs.
Sensitivity to cold.
In some cases entire body gets covered with white patches.
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